First and foremost, to fully understand the concepts and principles of construction management, it would be appropriate to define the term “project”. Project is a unique endeavor with an aim to produce a set of deliverables within a clearly specified time, cost and quality restrictions. It is undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.
Now that the term “project” has been defined, next to it would be “project management”. This concept involves the application of processes, method, knowledge, skills and experience to achieve project objectives. It is the basis on which every construction project is founded. It is vital that a project manager must possess the necessary skills and competence in order to explore and steer within and outside of the project. Project management is key to the steadiness of the whole process.
Accordingly, “construction project management” can be defined as the direction, regulation and supervision of a project from conception, development to completion. Its ultimate goal is the full satisfaction of its client both in terms of functionality and budget. The main idea of construction project management is relatively connected to technical parameters such as budget and execution. It also requires a firm and open communication between stakeholders, contractors and the community.
At present, change is indeed inevitable. Almost always, a project cannot be isolated from change that an organization goes through due to external elements in the environment. Every project manager must keep up with changes in management specifically in terms of practices and technology. Also, an effective project manager possesses a wide variety of experience and knowledge to handle diverse people and meet an assorted objective. With technology, projects nowadays are rather complex bringing about difficulties in people, tasks and management.
Projects and project management processes vary from industry to industry; however, these are more traditional elements of a project. The overarching goal is typically to offer a product, to change a process or to solve a problem in order to benefit the organization.
Project and project management processes vary from industry to industry. However, most construction project management follows a similar pattern. Normally, this pattern is in this order:
- Initiation. Before starting a project, the project manager must develop and evaluate the plan to determine if the project is feasible and worth. Other agents of the project may be asked to participate as well. If all parties agree to all terms and conditions, the project manager then proceeds in writing a project initiation document. This includes the business needs and the business case.
- Planning. In this stage, the team develops a path to be followed by all people involved in the project. A project Management plan will now be created by the team.
- Execution. Once planning has been presented, the real work begins now.
- Performance and monitoring. This phase often happens simultaneously with the execution phase. It is in this phase where progress and performance usually measure.
- Closure. This is the last part wherein it marks the completion of a project. To conclude the project, the project manager may call for a final meeting to discuss what has and has not been achieved. After the post-evaluation, the team then creates a list of tasks that were not accomplished, performs a final budget and eventually issues a final project report.
It’s no secret that construction project management is quite complicated. The management of a construction project requires knowledge of modern management as well as an understanding of the design and construction process. It is a really challenging undertaking wherein a myriad of parameters and elements should be exhaustively analyzed.